Though nearly every organ in the body has a function, it is possible to live without some of them. Here are seven body parts that a person can live without:
Even if one lung is removed in a procedure called a pneumonectomy, the other lung still gives the person 70 to 80 percent lung function. The one drawback is that the missing lung causes that part of the chest to collapse and the cavity to fill up with a fluid that soon hardens into a gel.
Like the lung, the kidneys come in pairs. They are two glands found just above the small of the back, on either side of the spine. They filter out uric acid and other wastes and discharge it in urine. They also regulate the balance of salt and water in the body to make sure the bodily fluids are just a little alkaline. Despite this crucial function, it is possible to live a long and healthy life with only one kidney. Indeed, a person can live for a time without even one kidney as long as they go on dialysis, which is a machine that takes the place of the kidney by filtering the blood.
The stomach is really just a vat to hold and process food. A stomach with a malignancy can be removed, and the esophagus attached directly to the person’s small intestine. In some types of weight loss surgery, the stomach is either removed or bypassed deliberately, and the other gastrointestinal organs are arranged to make sure the patient can only eat a small amount of food. Patients take nutritional supplements with these small meals to make sure they get the proper amount of nutrients daily.
A person who has had their stomach removed needs to avoid dumping syndrome. The symptoms of this condition, which include fainting, sweating, low blood pressure and irregular heartbeat, are caused when food and fluids enter the small intestine too rapidly.